Basics of Psychology

1. “The Science of human behavior” is known as:

a. Biology

b. Anatomy

c. Sociology

d. Psychology

Correct option: d


2. A forensic psychologist would be most likely to study:

a. gender differences in learning styles

b. the accuracy of eyewitness memory

c. the impact of advertising on shopping behavior

d. the effect of hormones on decision making

Correct option: b


3. Who claim that Psychology is a study of behavior?

a. specialism

b. J.B Watson

c. Micheal

d. Pillsbury

Correct option: b


4. Branches of applied psychology ?

a. 8

b. 5

c. 6

d. 7

Correct option: a


5. What is the best definition of psychology?

a. Scientific study of behavior and mental processes

b. Study of personality and mental illness

c. Study of the mind

d. study of human

Correct option: a


6. Word psychology comes from

a. Italian

b. Greek

c. Latin

d. Spanish

Correct option: b


7. Who open world first psychological clinic?

a. Pavlov

b. Lightner witmer

c. Freud

d. Wilhelm wundt

Correct option: b


8. Evolutionary psychology has its roots in

a. Behavior

b. Collectivism

c. Structuralism

d. Functionalism

Correct option: d


9. It is used to be defined as “a study of mind and soul.”

a. Psychology

b. Philosophy

c. Physiology

d. Anthropology

Correct option: a


10. The word “psychology” comes from

a. Italian

b. Greek

c. Spanish

d. Latin

Correct option: b


11. A state of mind in which a person is lacking normal awareness of the enviroment is called_______?

a. centralism

b. Consciousness

c. Sub – consciousness

d. UN-consciousness

Correct option: b


12. Psychology is a

a. Social science

b. Natural science

c. Physical science

d. Biological science

Correct option: a


13. Empirical statement are based on

a. Intuition

b. Common sense

c. Data

d. Belief

Correct option: c


14. How many the main branches of psychology are there

a. 2

b. 3

c. 4

d. 5

Correct option: a


15. If you were looking for an employee who could find minute differences between small objects, ideally he would have:

a. a low difference threshold.

b. a high difference threshold.

c. a good long-term memory.

d. a good short-term memory.

Correct option: a


16. Which neo-freudiam challenged his ideas about penis envy..??

a. Horney

b. Fromm

c. Jung

d. Adler

Correct option: a


17. Which of the following is not a defense mechanism?

a. Regression

b. Conscientiousness

c. Ingratiation

d. Sublimation

Correct option: c


18. The Greek philosopher ______ believed that knowledge is acquired through experience and learning.

a. Aristotle

b. Plato

c. Rousseau

d. Archimedes

Correct option: a


19. In which year the scientific psychology was first accepted?

a. 1879

b. 1779

c. 1679

d. 1889

Correct option: a


20. The science of human behavior includes:

a. To improve Human health

b. To improve Human society

c. To improve Human character

d. To resolve human problems

Correct option: d


21. A child who gives many answers in response to a question resorts to the process of

a. latent thinking

b. critical thinking

c. Divergent thinking

d. convergent thinking

Correct option: c


22. ______ is a neurotransmitter that plays important role in anxiety, arousal and learning.

a. Glutamate


c. Serotonin

d. Epinephrine

Correct option: b


23. ______ is the belief that the mind is fundamentally different from the body.

a. Pillsbury

b. dualism

c. specialism

d. centralism

Correct option: b


24. ______ is to nature as ______ is to nurture

a. Inaccuracy, accuracy

b. Biology, experience

c. Environment,genes

d. Conscious, unconscious

Correct option: b


25. ______ was to structuralism as ______ was to functionalism.

a. Milner, Thompson

b. James, Titchener

c. Wundt, Titchener

d. Wundt, James

Correct option: d


26. A child is playing with a toy. When you hide the toy, she makes no effort to look for it. According to Jean Piaget, the child is in which stage of cognition?

a. Preoperational

b. Preoperational Concrete Operational

c. Sensorimotor

d. Formal operational

Correct option: c


27. A stat of mind that is not immediately available to consciousness is called

a. Non of the above

b. Sub-consciousness

c. Unconsciousness

d. Consciousness

Correct option: b


28. A type pf thinking which is aimed at solving problems or creating something new is called:

a. Autistic thinking

b. Directed thinking

c. Symbolic thinking

d. Creative thinking

Correct option: d


29. According to freud the mind’s three components are

a. Oral,anal,phallic

b. Primary,secondary,tertiary

c. Ego,id,supergo

d. Unconscious moral immoral

Correct option: c


30. According to modern definition of “Psychology”:

a. It is a Science of “Human behavior”

b. It is a Science of “Bio-Social behavior”

c. It is a Science of “Humans”

d. It is a Science of “Behavior”

Correct option: b


31. According to the text the lower level of explanation corresponds to processes

a. Interpersonal

b. Biological

c. Cultural

d. Social

Correct option: b


32. According to this Philosopher “Character and intelligence are inborn and inherited.”?

a. Socrates

b. Ptolemny

c. Plato

d. Aristotle

Correct option: c


33. Branches of psychology:

a. 2

b. 3

c. 4

d. 5

Correct option: a


34. Clinical psychology is generally considered to have begun in?

a. 1896

b. 1892

c. 1893

d. 1894

Correct option: a


35. Darwin’s theory of ______ argued that physiological characteristics evolve because they are useful to the

a. natural endowment

b. natural selection

c. natural wellbeing

d. extreme usefulness

Correct option: b


36. Different people react differently at the same situation this is referred to as

a. Multiple determinants

b. nativism

c. the simpson effect

d. individual difference

Correct option: d


37. E.B. Titchener defined psychology as?

a. Science of experience

b. Science of soul

c. Conscious experience

d. Science of mind

Correct option: c


38. East Asian cultures tend to be more oriented toward ________ while Western cultures tend to be more oriented toward ________.

a. individualism/collectivism

b. collectivism/individualism

c. social norms/cultural norms

d. cultural norms/social norms

Correct option: b


39. Freud championed ______ psychology.

a. Psychodynamic

b. Cultural

c. Conscious

d. Biodynamic

Correct option: a


40. General psychology deals with

a. Personality

b. Development

c. Fundamental of all branches of psychology

d. Intelligent

Correct option: c


41. Generalization is a key issue in

a. External validity

b. Internal validity

c. A double blind experiment

d. A single blind experiment

Correct option: a


42. Greek word psyche meaning:

a. “breath, spirit, soul”

b. “breath, spirit, sole”

c. “breath, Love, soul”

d. “Love,soul,spirit”

Correct option: a


43. How many branches of “Pure Psychology”?

a. 3

b. 2

c. 4

d. 5

Correct option: a


44. How many methods of psychology?

a. Four

b. Five

c. Two

d. Three

Correct option: c


45. How many parts of mind ?

a. 3

b. 4

c. 1

d. 2

Correct option: a


46. Hunger, thirst and sleep are the________________.

a. None of these

b. Primary motivates

c. Learnt motives

d. social motives

Correct option: b


47. If you are in an altered state of consciousness, which of the following are you probably doing?

a. Focusing on something

b. Drinking alcohol to excess

c. Sleeping

d. Whistling

Correct option: b


48. In physiological psychology we study about ________.

a. Education

b. Environment

c. Hormones

d. Developmental levels of age

Correct option: c


49. In the year ______ the scientific psychology was first accepted

a. 1879

b. 1779

c. 1679

d. 1889

Correct option: a


50. In which method we can feel the pain of a person

a. Case history method

b. Psychiatrist method

c. Introspection method

d. Genetic method

Correct option: c


51. In which method we can study about the gene of different creature

a. Case history method

b. Naturalistic method

c. Static method

d. Genetic method

Correct option: d


52. Is the belief that the mind is fundamentally from the body different

a. Mindism

b. Centralism

c. Specialism

d. Dialism

Correct option: d


53. Most human behaviour is

a. Can be easily explained

b. Has multiply causes

c. Stem from unconscious desires

d. Depends on social influence

Correct option: d


54. Psychology as a ‘science of Mind’ defined by ___ school of psychology

a. Functionalists

b. Ancient Greek Philosopher

c. Psychoanalysts

d. Behaviourists

Correct option: b


55. Psychology become a scientific field on this year?

a. 1879

b. 1987

c. 1997

d. 1789

Correct option: a


56. Psychology can be Literally defined as the

a. science of behavior

b. Science of consciousness

c. Science of soul

d. science of mind

Correct option: c


57. Psychology is define as the scientific study of:

a. Emotion and beliefs

b. Perception and religion

c. Mind and behavior

d. People and things

Correct option: c


58. Psychology is the study of activity and

a. Depression

b. Problems

c. Behavior

d. Stress

Correct option: c


59. Psychology is the study of mind and _____.

a. centralism

b. Consciousness

c. Sub-consciousness

d. Unconsciousness

Correct option: b


60. Social Psychology deals with

a. Behaviour and experience in social situations

b. Behaviour of ethic group

c. Abnormal Behaviour of people

d. Behaviour of an individual at work

Correct option: a


61. Someone who feels as thought they are not living up to expectations would be discribed by adler as having

a. Low actualization

b. An inferiority complex

c. Low self realization

d. An adlerian complex

Correct option: b


62. Standard deviation is a measure of

a. Central tendency

b. Range

c. Dispersion

d. Inference

Correct option: c


63. State of mind which is not available to

a. Interaction

b. Consciousness

c. Unconsciousness

d. Behaviour

Correct option: b


64. Sub-consciousness is defined as :

a. None of these

b. State of mind that is not immediately available to consciousness

c. State of mind that is immediately available to consciousness

d. Only state of brain

Correct option: b


65. The early definition of psychology was:

a. Human and society

b. Mind and memories

c. Thinking and feeling

d. Mind and consciousness

Correct option: d


66. The MMPI is used to measure:

a. Leadership potential

b. The Big Five traits

c. Unconscious drives

d. Personality and psychological disorders

Correct option: d


67. The school of psychology whose goal was to identify the basic elements of experience was called

a. Experimentalism

b. Dualism

c. Structuralism

d. Functionalism

Correct option: c


68. The term “tabula rasa” highlights the importance of ______ in shaping behaviour.

a. nature

b. predestination

c. experience

d. genes

Correct option: c


69. The word “psychology The scientific approach is more useful at answering questions about ______ than questions about ______.

a. Emotion ideas

b. Values ideas

c. Values

d. Facts and values

Correct option: d


70. There are ____main branches of psychology .

a. Five

b. Two

c. Three

d. Four

Correct option: b


71. These are the goals of psychology except

a. To describe

b. To explain

c. To Predict

d. To Learn

Correct option: d


72. University of leipzig is located in which country?

a. America

b. England

c. Switzerland

d. Germany

Correct option: d


73. Watson and Skinner both contributed to which school of psychology?

a. functionalism

b. behaviourism

c. social-cultural

d. cognitive

Correct option: b


74. Which field of psychology would be most likely to study the influence of over-crowding on conformity?

a. Cognitive

b. Personality

c. Social

d. Clinical

Correct option: c


75. Who defined ‘Psychology as the Scientific study as activities of organism in relation to its environment .

a. JB waston

b. Sigmund Freud

c. Wood Worth

d. William james

Correct option: d


76. Who is considered the “father of psychology”?

a. Wilhelm Wundt

b. John Watson

c. Max Wertheimer

d. Pavlov

Correct option: a


77. Who is the founder of psychoanalysis?

a. John Watson

b. Carl Rogers

c. Sigmund Freud

d. William James

Correct option: c


78. Who said the mind is a blank slate?

a. John Locke

b. Plato

c. Socrates

d. Aristotle

Correct option: a


79. Wilhelm Wundt was a doctor and first psychologist, belonged to

a. Germany

b. Switzerland

c. America

d. England

Correct option: a