Experimental Method

1. “Rash driving causes of accident” is the example of

a. Hypothesis

b. Psychology

c. Both a & b

d. Non of these

Correct option: a


2. ___ is an event or condition which can have different values .

a. Variable

b. Constant

c. Both a and b

d. Non of these

Correct option: a


3. A research hypothesis is considered experimental in nature when it assesses.

a. Difference

b. Structure

c. Relationship

d. Prediction

Correct option: a


4. After a careful and influential review, the eminent Social Psychologist Wicker (1969) concluded that correlations between attitude and behaviour were:

a. Rarely above 0.30

b. Rarely above 0.50

c. Rarely below 0.00

d. Rarely above 0.09

Correct option: a


5. After twenty years of the advocation of cognitive dissonance theory, Greenwald and Ronis reviewed that dissonance theory has been an extremely stimulating force within and beyond:

a. Educational Psychology

b. Industrial psychology

c. Social Psychology

d. Experimental Psychology

Correct option: c


6. An experiment has been aptly described as a

a. Question put to psychology

b. Question put to self

c. Question put to

d. Question put to nature stimuli

Correct option: a


7. An experiment is set up to confirm or refute some

a. Events

b. Inquiry

c. Hypotheses

d. Question

Correct option: c


8. Bern’s theory of self-perception (Bern, 1972) reveals that:

a. Behaviour may determine attitude

b. Personality may determine attitude

c. Creativity may determine attitude

d. Motivation may determine attitude

Correct option: a


9. By changing one’s attitude to become more congruent with the behaviour:

a. Consonance is typically reduced

b. Dissonance is typically reduced

c. Tension is reduced

d. Anxiety is reduced

Correct option: b


10. Characteristics of individual participants (e.g. age, intelligence, etc.) that might influence the outcome of a study.

a. Extraneous variables

b. Investigator effects

c. Participant variables

d. Investigator bias

Correct option: c


11. Cognitive consistency approaches start with:

a. The absence of an attitude

b. Social learning

c. Social distance

d. An existing attitude

Correct option: d


12. Descriptive statistics aim to:

a. Complicate

b. Summarize

c. Explain

d. Confuse

Correct option: b


13. Differential method is based on

a. Teaching methods

b. Learning outcomes

c. Individual differences

d. Cultural differences

Correct option: c


14. Descriptive statistics aim to ?

a. Complicate

b. Summarize

c. Explain

d. Confuse

Correct option: b


15. Dissonance produces a state of

a. Psychological tension

b. Emotional fraud

c. Conflict

d. Anxiety

Correct option: c


16. Empirical statement are based on

a. Common sense

b. Intuition

c. Data

d. Belief

Correct option: c


17. Experimental psychology is about….

a. Validating hypothetical situations

b. Knowing the significant effect of a therapy

c. Identifying casual relationship

d. Testing correlational hypothesis

Correct option: c


18. Grounded theory coding:

a. Uses open coding, selective coding, then axial coding

b. Makes use of a prior concepts from the literature

c. Stops when theoretical saturation has been reached

d. Adopts a deductive stance

Correct option: c


19. High degree of congruence between attitude and behaviour was found by the recent studies conducted by:

a. Chaikan (1979)

b. Schuman and Johnson (1976)

c. Demboraski (1978)

d. Hovland (1949)

Correct option: b


20. How many controlling extraneous variables ?

a. 5

b. 2

c. 3

d. 4

Correct option: b


21. How many groups in an experimental environment

a. 6

b. 2

c. 3

d. 7

Correct option: b


22. How many groups of experimental environment

a. 5

b. 2

c. 3

d. 4

Correct option: b


23. How many steps are involve in Experimental Method_____?

a. One

b. Five

c. Three

d. Four

Correct option: d


24. How many variables are tested at one time in a controlled experiment?

a. Three

b. Four

c. One

d. Two

Correct option: c


25. hypothesis is the _______ statement

a. independent

b. dependent

c. Tentative

d. variable

Correct option: c


26. If we give toys to the children to increase there IQ level .what will be the independent variable?

a. Toys

b. Both

c. Variable

d. I.Q

Correct option: d


27. If you are trying to establish a casual relationship between a reinforcer and increased performance, you should use a?

a. Correlational

b. Experimental

c. Clinical study

d. Survey

Correct option: b


28. In an experiment the variable that is manipulated is called

a. Independent

b. Dependent

c. Dependent variable

d. Measured variable

Correct option: c


29. In experimental method we study the

a. Cause and effect relationship

b. Environment relationship

c. Reliability and validity

d. Non of these

Correct option: a


30. In experimental methods the independent variable is ?

a. Testing

b. Results

c. Effects

d. Response

Correct option: a


31. In preparing for a viva or similar oral examination, it is best if you have:

a. Avoided citing the examiner in your thesis

b. Published and referenced your own article(s)

c. Tried to memorize your work

d. Made exaggerated claims on the basis of your data

Correct option: b


32. in the experiment neither the researcher non the participants know which condition participants are in

a. Confounded

b. double blind

c. random

d. blind

Correct option: b


33. In this method ___ psychologist can established cause and effect relationship

a. Clinical

b. Experimental

c. Case history

d. Survey

Correct option: b


34. In what type of study does a researcher study an individual subject in depth?

a. Naturalistic observation.

b. Laboratory observation.

c. Survey.

d. Case study.

Correct option: d


35. Informed consent is typically obtained

a. During an experiment

b. It is not obtained

c. Before an experiment

d. After an experiment

Correct option: c


36. It is the most stage of a study that is prerequisite to an experimental study

a. Structure studies

b. Exploratory relationship

c. Regression studies

d. Correlation

Correct option: c


37. It the most stage of a study that is prerequisite to an experimental study.

a. Correlation

b. Regression studies

c. Structure studies

d. Exploratory relationship

Correct option: b


38. Name of group of experimental environment ?

a. Treatment group, control group.

b. Control group ,short group .

c. Treatment group, electronic group .

d. Non of these

Correct option: a


39. Psychology has come into existence as a seprate discipline a little over

a. Three hundred year ago

b. Four hundred year ago

c. A hundred year ago

d. Two hundred year ago

Correct option: c


40. Reinforcement is?

a. An incentive

b. An event that strengths or increases a response

c. Something that individual finds pleasant

d. Anything that decreases or response

Correct option: b


41. science which seeks to predict and understand social behaviour is called:

a. Political Science

b. Geology

c. Social Psychology

d. Anthropology

Correct option: c


42. Self perception theory suggests that subject act as

a. Observers

b. Problem solvers

c. Introspectors

d. Perceivers

Correct option: a


43. Short Term Memory (STM) holds information for around ____ seconds.

a. 60-120seconds

b. 15-20 seconds

c. 150-200 Seconds

d. 3-5 Seconds

Correct option: b


44. Sleeper effects” have been explained by:

a. Discounting cue Hypothesis

b. Cognitive Dissonance

c. Cognitive Consonance

d. Non of these

Correct option: a


45. Standard deviation is a measure of a

a. Central tendency

b. Inference

c. Dispersion

d. Range

Correct option: c


46. Statement based on systematic collection of data are ?


b. dialectic

c. Empirical

d. Empathic

Correct option: c


47. Structuralism was the founded by

a. Wundt

b. Waston

c. Freud

d. Max Werthiemer

Correct option: a


48. The designed experiments are the part of ___________ step of DMAIC process.

a. Control

b. Define

c. Analyze

d. Measure

Correct option: c


49. The discipline of clinical psychology did not come into existence until

a. around the turn of the 19th

b. the 1980s

c. the 1950s

d. around the turn of the 20th

Correct option: d


50. The factors with which the experimenter is concerned in so doing are called

a. Variables

b. Controls

c. A and b

d. Non of these

Correct option: a


51. The learning due to the observation of others receiving rewards and punishments is called:

a. Verbal Learning

b. Latent learning

c. Social Learning

d. Vicarious learning

Correct option: d


52. The most acceptable definition of attitude stresses

a. Cognitive aspect

b. Behaviour aspect

c. Affective aspect

d. Evaluation aspect

Correct option: b


53. The most scientific and widely used method to describe the behavior of the subject is:

a. Statistical method

b. Experimental method

c. Introspection method

d. External method

Correct option: b


54. The theory of “self perception” was advanced by:

a. Daryl Bern (1972)

b. Terkel (1980)

c. Festinger (1957)

d. Non of these

Correct option: a


55. The total set of attitudes of an individual is called:

a. Attitude grouping

b. Attitude constellation

c. Attitude conglomeration

d. Attitude cluster

Correct option: b


56. The uncontrollable factors are also called ____________.

a. Designed factors

b. Acceptance factors

c. Sound factors

d. Noise factors

Correct option: d


57. The use of coercion to bring about attitude change is known as:

a. Stereotype

b. Hypnosis

c. Brainwashing

d. Prejudice

Correct option: c


58. The way in which people think about and understand their social world is known as :

a. Cognitive Consonance

b. Social Cognition

c. Cognitive Dissonance

d. Social Distance

Correct option: b


59. There are ____ groups in experimental method .

a. 5

b. 2

c. 3

d. 4

Correct option: b


60. What is the basic idea behind the experimental method?

a. Straightforward

b. Back forward

c. Formulates

d. Observable events

Correct option: a


61. What is the name of the method used as an attempt to control order effects

a. Counter-conditioning

b. Counteracting

c. Counterbalancing

d. Countering

Correct option: c


62. What is the name of the variable kept the same in an experiment?

a. Resume variable

b. Enhance variable

c. Variables

d. Controlled variable

Correct option: d


63. What is the name of the variable that is measured in response to the variable changed on purpose?

a. Dependent variable

b. Control variable

c. Enhance

d. Resume variable

Correct option: a


64. What is the variable called that a researcher manipulates in an experiment?

a. Independent variable.

b. Dependent variable.

c. Extraneous variable.

d. Non of these

Correct option: a


65. When large groups of interconnected facts are considered together in a consistent manner, we get a:

a. Scientific Theory

b. Critical Problem

c. Combined result

d. Non of these

Correct option: a


66. Which experimental design is the most economical?

a. Independent groups

b. Field experiment

c. Repeated measures

d. Matched pairs

Correct option: c


67. Which experimental design may create order effect

a. Repeated measures

b. Laboratory experiment

c. Independent group

d. Matched Pairs

Correct option: a


68. Which method is sometimes dangerous and risky:

a. Statistical method

b. Experimental method

c. Introspection method

d. External method

Correct option: b


69. Which method of research probably contribute most of the advancement of educational psychology as a science?

a. The clinical Method

b. The survey method

c. The historical Method

d. The Experimental method

Correct option: d


70. Which of the following statements about laboratory experiments is false?

a. Easy to replicate

b. High internal validity

c. High ecological validity

d. High level of control

Correct option: c


71. Which of these can be used to develop a new process?

a. Acceptance sampling

b. Design of experiments

c. Control charts

d. Histogram

Correct option: b


72. Who studied forgetting process systematically ?

a. Ebbinghaus

b. Lockhart

c. Binet

d. Maslow

Correct option: a


73. Who was the father of experimental psychology?

a. Freud

b. Hull

c. Wundt

d. Waston

Correct option: c


74. You can create interest in your presentation by:

a. Maximizing the use of animation effects

b. Reading from notes

c. Using bullet points

d. Using metaphors

Correct option: d