(1).The force that initiates evolution is—–

(a) Variation                            (b) Mutation

(c) Extinction                         (d) Adaption

(2).——- is a vestigial organ

(a) Intestinal villi                  (b) Papillae

(c) Vermiform appendix     (d) None of these

(3).The earliest geological time period among the following is—-

(a) Cambrian                            (b) Permian

(c) Jurassic                                (d) Quaternary

(4).The experiment that simulated condition thought to be present on the earth..

(a) Hershey-chase experiment          (b) Geiger-Marsden experiment

(c) Miller-Urey experiment                (d) Schiehallion experiment

(5).Example of a homologous organ..

(a) The arm of human wing of a bird

(b) Wing of an insect, wing of a bird

(c) Leg of a dog, leg of a spider

(d) None of the above

(6).Primordial soup is a set of hypothetical condition on ancient earth first proposed by—-

(a) Dmitri Ivanovsky                           (b) Alexander Oparin

(c) Dmitry Anuchin                              (d) Nikolay Shatsky

(7).Which condition can be explained by Lamarckism?

(a) How giraffes got their long neck            (b) How humans lost their tail

(c) How humans became bipedal                (d) All of the above

(8).Observation of species on—–heavily inspired Darwin theory of evolution.

(a) Ilha da Queimada Grand                       (b) Guatemala

(c) Faroe Island                                             (d) Galapagos island

(9).—–was considered as a missing link between reptiles and birds.

(a) Archaeopteryx                                    (b) Pteranodon

(c) Avimimus                                             (d) Caudipteryx

(10).The oldest mineral discovered so far was——which dates back to 4.4 billion years..

(a) Iron                                  (b) Zircon

(c) Cadmium                         (d) Silicon

(11).Snakes belongs to;

(a) Anapsida                           (b) Synapsids

(c) Lepidosauria                     (d) Archosauria

(12).Therapsid arised from:

(a) Lepidosauria                      (b) Synapsids

(c) Anapsida                             (d) Archosauria

(13).Fenestrae is absent in:

(a) Anapsida                            (b) Synapsids

(c) Archosauria                       (d) Lepidosauria

(14).Number of species of turtles are:

(a) 100                                     (b) 200

(c) 225                                     (d) 300

(15).The number of condyle in the skull of reptiles are:

(a) One                                     (b) Two

(c) Three                                   (d) Four

(16).Number of cervical vertebrates in the reptiles are:

(a) 4                                 (b) 6

(c) 7                                  (d) 8

(17).The substance which covers the bone of the reptiles is:

(a) Calcium                     (b) Chitin

(c) Keratin                       (d) None

(18).The turtules reach the sexual maturity at:

(a) 3 years                      (b) 4 years

(c) 6 years                      (d) 7years

(19).Tuatara belongs to:

(a) Squamata                 (b) Rhynchocephalia

(c) Testudines                (d) Crocodilia

(20).Living fossil is:

(a) Snakes                        (b) Tautra

(c) Lizards                         (d) Dinosaurs

(21).Which of the following is not lizard?

(a) Iguanas                        (b) Gecko

(c) Tautra                           (d) Chameleon

(22).Flying dragon belongs to:

(a) Gecko                            (b) Iguanas

(c) Chameleon                    (d) Tautra

(23).Which of the following is adapted for arboreal life:

(a) Iguanas                           (b) Gecko

(c) Tautra                              (d) Chameleon

(24).Heloderma suspectum is a:

(a).Iguanas                          (b).Gecko

(c) Venomous lizard          (d) Chameleon

(25).The number of species of poisonous snake are:

(a) 100                                 (b) 200

(c) 300                                  (d) 400

(26).Median tooth is present in:

(a) Iguanas                        (b) Gecko

(c) Venomous lizard        (d) Worm lizard

(27).The number of species of Crocodiles are:

(a) 15                                  (b) 20

(c) 21                                  (d) 30

(28).Number of systematic arteries in the reptiles are:

(a) 1                                    (b) 2

(c) 3                                    (d) 4

(29).Which of the following structures is absent in reptiles?

(a) Trachea                       (b) Pharynx

(c) Larynx                          (d) Vocal cords

(30).The kidney in reptiles is:

(a) Pronephros                (b) Metanephros

(c) Mesonephros            (d) Opistonephros

(31).Creeping animals are called as:

(a) Amphibians                (b) Reptiles

(c) Fishes                            (d) Mammals

(32).The first vertebrates that possess amniotic eggs are:

(a) Reptiles                         (b) Amphibians

(c) Fishes                            (d) Mammals

(33).Amniotic eggs have ……membranes.

(a) Embryonic                    (b) Intercellular

(c) Intracellular                  (d) Extra embryonic   

(34)……Protect the embryo from desiccation .

(a) Amnion                          (b) Gut

(c) Shell                                 (d) Allantois

(35).Amnion support the embryo like.

(a) Cushion                         (b) Pillow

(c) Jell                                   (d) Waste material

(36).Allantois membranes remove the.

(a) Water                            (b) Solid material

(c) Waste material            (d) Both B & C  

(37). Yolk supplies ……. to the embryo .

(a) Water                          (b) Food

(c) Waste                           (d) Nutrition

(38).Living reptiles includes:

(a) Turtles                          (b) Lizards

(c) Snakes                           (d) All of these

(39).Any change in specie when it move from one place to another is called  as:

(a) Adaptive radiation       (b) Evolution

(c) Osmoregulation            (d) Commensalism

(40). The adaptive radiation of the early amniotes began in the:

(a) Late carboniferous period and pre-cambrium period

(b) Early Permian period

(c) Cambrium      

(d) Both A & B

(41). Major prey of early amniotes or reptiles are:

(a) Birds                              (b) Crustaceans

(c) Insects                           (d) None of these

(42). How many subclasses of amniotes are given?

(a) Two                                (b) Three

(c) Four                                (d) Five

(43). The reptiles that lake openings or fenestme in the temporal region of the skull belongs to class:

(a) Diapsida                         (b) Synapsida

(c) Anapsida                         (d) Archosauria

(44).Anapsida lineage is shown in:

(a) Turtles                           (b) Synapsid reptiles

(c) Sphenodon                    (d) Archosauria

(45).The fundamental skull and shell of anapsida was found in fossils.

(a) 230-million year old             (b) 200-milion years old

(c) 245-million years old             (d) 350 million years old

(46). Evidence of the anapsida lineage was found in rocks from South Africa:

(a) 230-million years old               (b) 200- million years old

(c) 245-million years old              (d) 350 million years old

(47).Reptiles that have upper and ;ower openings in the temporal region of the skull belong to:

(a) Anapsida                          (b) Diapsida

(c) Synapsida                         (d) None of these 

(48).Modern snake lizard and tuataras belongs to subclass:

(a) Synadsida                         (b) Lepisdosauria

(c) Archosauria                      (d) Diapsida

(49).Dinasurs belongs to sub-class:

(a) Synapsida                         (b) Lepidosauria

(c) Anchosauria                     (d) Diapsida

(50).Class Diapsida means:

(a) Without arch            (b) Two arch

(c) One arch                    (d) None

(51).Class synapsida means:

(a) Without arch           (b) Two arch

(c) One arch                   (d) None

(52).Class diapsida divided into further…….classes

(a) 1                                 (b) 2

(c) 3                                  (d) 4

(53).Subphylum archosauria are membrane of which class

(a) Diapsida                   (b) Synapida

(c) Anapsida                   (d) None

(54).A group of synapsidais…..

(a) Anapsida                  (b) Diapsida

(c) Therapsids                (d) None

(55).Respiration takes place in reptiles by..

(a) Gills                           (b) Lungs

(c) Earophages              (d) Pelvic girdll

(56).Reptiles found in all continent except.

(a) Africa                       (b) America

(c) China                       (d) Antarctica

(57).How many order of reptiles are present..

(a) 12                             (b) 13

(c) 17                             (d)18

(58).Which layer support the embryo like cushion.

(a) Amnion                       (b) Allantois

(c) Chorion                       (d) None

(59).Which membrane remove the water material:

(a) Allantoise                      (b)amnion

(c) Chorion                        (d) None

(60).What is function of albumin in reptiles?

(a) Moisture                     (b) Nourishment

(c) Supply of food           (d) Both A and B

(61).What is the function of yolk?

(a) Moisture                   (b) Protection

(c) Supply of food          (d) None

(62).The adaptive radiation of early amniotes began in:

(a) Jurassic                     (b) Triassic

(c) Devonian                   (d) Late carboniferous early period

(63).In which class reptiles has no opening in temporal region of Skull:

(a) Subclass anapsida        (b) subclass diapsida

(c) Subclass synapsida        (d) none

(64).Class anapsida means:

(a) Without arch                (b) Two arch

(c) 1 arch                            (d) None

(65).The reptiles respire through:

(a) Skin                               (b) Gills

(c) Lungs                            (d) Epidermis

(66).The member of the family Crocodilia are:

(a) Oviparous                   (b) Viviparous

(c) Ovoviviparous            (d) All of above

(67).The common membrane that are include in the order chelonian are:

(a) Crocodile                     (b) Turtle

(c) Snails                            (d) Salamander

(68).The teath are absent in the order testudines in

(a) Adults                          (b) Larva

(c) Zygote                         (d) All of above

(69).In the skull of the reptiles ,the number of condyles is:

(a) One                             (b) Two

(c) Three                           (d) Four

(70).Find the correctly matched pair without any exception:

(a) Chondrichthyes,Cartilaginous,Endoskeleton

(b) Reptiles-3 Chambered heart with undivided ventricle

(c) Mammalia-viviparous

(d) Chordata-have mouth with a lower and upper jaw

(71).Which of the following is a living fossil?

(a)Dinosaurs                         (b) Snakes

(c) Tuatara                            (d) Lizards

(72).Bones of the reptiles are covered by:

(a) Keratin                        (b) Chitin

(c) Calcium                       (d) None of these

(73).Animals that get most affected by the change in the environment temperature are:

(a) Aquatic                       (b) Homeothermic

(c) Poikilothermic            (d) Desert living

(74).Aquatic reptiles are:

(a) Ammonotelic              (b) Ureotelic

(c) Ureotelic over land     (d) Ureotelic in water

(75).Uricotelism is found in:

(a) Frogs and toads          (b) Birds land reptiles and insect

(c) Mammals and birds   (d) Fish and freshwater protozoan

(76).Reptilian ancestry of the birds can be indicate by:

(a) Eggs with the calcareous shell        (b) Four-chambered part

(c) Scales on their hindlimb                  (d) presence of crop and gizzard

(77).Find the correct statement about class reptiles:

(a) Dry and cornfield skin, epidermis scales and absence of external ears

(b) Marine habitat, endoskeleton is cartilaginous and have placoid scales

(c) Fresh water habitat,bony endoskeleton and air bladder for buoyancy

(d) Moist skin and body is devoid of scales,the ear is represent by the tympanum

(78).Reptiles are the first amniotics to evolve, which of the following is not the function performed by amniotic layers?

(a) Waste storage                                (b) Gaseous exchange

(c) Protection from predator             (d) Protection from desiccation

(79).Sphenodon belongs to:

(a) Order Testudines                          (b) Order Rhynchocephalia

(c) Order Squamata                            (d) Order Crocodilia

(80).Completely divided ventricles are observed in:

(a) Order Testudines                         (b) Order Rhynchocephalia

(c) Order Squamata                           (d) Order Crocodilia

(81).Which of the following layer in amniotic allows gaseous exchange?

(a) Allantois                                       (b) Amniotic

(c) Chorion                                          (d) Yolk Sac

(82).Which of the following are representive of subclass Lepidosauria?

(a) Snake                                       (b) Lizards

(c) Tuataras                                   (d) All of these

(83).No living member of this group survives today, but are consider as ancestors of mammals..

(a) Anapsida                               (b) Diapsids

(c) Triapsids                                (d) Synapsids

(84).According to cladistics interpretation birds should be classified as:

(a) Aves                                       (b) Reptiles

(c) Mammals                               (d) Archaeopteryx

(85).Keratin is a resistant protein in the skin of reptiles and is usually found combined with… prevent water loss:

(a) Proteins                                 (b) Carbohydrates

(c) Lipids                                      (d) Sterols

(86).Member of the order Testudines possess all the following features except:

(a) Carapace                              (b) Bony shell

(c) Bony teeth                           (d) Keratinized beak

(87).What is the name of ventral portin of the shell in order Testudines?

(a) Carapace                             (b) Plastron

(c) Acetabulum                        (d) Acromial process

(88).How many cervical vertebrae are found in turtles?

(a) 8                                           (b) 10

(c) 7                                           (d) 9

(89).What is the clutch size of turtles?

(a) 1-5 eggs                             (b) 2-3 eggs

(c) 10-200 eggs                       (d) 5-100 eggs

(90).Chameleons and Anolis are well known for their ability to change color in response to:

(a) Illumination                        (b) Temperature

(c) Behavioral state                 (d) All of these

(91).Crocodiles are distinguished from other reptiles on the basis of characteristic of their:

(a) Tail                                        (b) Legs

(c) Skull                                      (d) Lungs

(92).Ribes of snakes have muscular connection with:

(a) Jaw muscles                        (b) Tail muscle

(c) Sternum                               (d) Belly Scales

(93).Bipedal locomotion developed for the first time in:

(a) Fishes                                    (b) Amphibian

(c) Reptiles                                 (d) Mammals

(94).Venomous glands of the snakes are modified:

(a) Tear glands                            (b) Mucous glands

(c) Salivary glands                       (d) Thyroid glands

(95).Primarily neurotoxins except:

(a) Cobras                                      (b) Coral snakes

(c) Sea snakes                               (d) Vipers

(96).Pacemaker is modified:

(a).Right atrium                            (b) Left atrium

(c) Sinus Venosus                          (d) Right ventricle

(97).Most of the reptiles are:

(a) Ectotherms                                (b) Endotherms

(c) Heterotherms                            (d) Homeotherms

(98).Which of the following sense of the following is considered as dominat sense in most of reptiles?

(a) Vision                                           (b) Hearing

(c) Olfaction                                      (d) Touch

(99).Horned lizard squirts a fluid from eyes as a defensive maneuver:

(a) Tear                                            (b) Blood

(c) Saliva                                          (d) Lymph

(100).Pit organ of snakes is used for:

(a) Olfaction                                   (b) Thermoreception

(c) Taste                                          (d) Vision