1.A literature review requires;

a. clear writing

b. good writing

c. All of the given option

d. planning

Correct Answer: c

2.A researcher is interested in nonverbal behavior among young adults. The researcher goes to public gathering places in town and observes smiles, gestures, gaze, and touch. This is an example of;

a. Blind observation

b. Quasi-experimentation

c. Field experimentation

d. Naturalistic observation

Correct Answer: d

3.Which of the following is included in research proposal?

a. Data analysis

b. Results

c. Conclusions section

d. Literature review

Correct Answer: d

4.The person who leads a focus group discussion is called a __________.

a. Anchor

b. Facilitator

c. Recorder

d. Moderator

Correct Answer: d

5.If variables a and b are highly correlated, then

a. a causes b

b. b causes a

c. there is no relationship between a and b.

d. there is a strong relationship between a and b

Correct Answer: d

6.Which section of a research report sets the stage for the report and indicates where in the report each component, tables, and figures can be found?

a. Preliminary pages

b. Main body

c. Appendices

d. Table of contents

Correct Answer: d

7.Which of the following is newer method of survey?

a. Field survey

b. All of Above

c. E-mail survey

d. Mail survey

Correct Answer: c

8.The group that receives the experimental treatment condition is the _____.

a. Participant group

b. Independent group

c. Experimental group

d. Control group

Correct Answer: c

9.The group that does not receive the experimental treatment condition is the ________.

a. Treatment group

b. Independent group

c. Control group

d. Experimental group

Correct Answer: c

10.Which of the following is not a major method of data collection?

a. Focus groups

b. Secondary data

c. Correlational method

d. Questionnaires

Correct Answer: c

11.Which research paradigm is least concerned about generalizing its findings?

a. quantitative research

b. mixed research

c. none of the above

d. qualitative research

Correct Answer: d

12.Which of the following best describes quantitative research?

a. research that is exploratory

b. research that attempts to generate a new theory

c. an attempt to confirm the researcher’s hypotheses

d. the collection of nonnumerical data

Correct Answer: c

13.A condition or characteristic that can take on different values or categories is called ___.

a. a cause-and-effect relationship

b. a descriptive relationship

c. a variable

d. a constant

Correct Answer: c

14.A variable that is presumed to cause a change in another variable is called a(n):

a. categorical variable

b. dependent variable

c. intervening variable

d. independent variable

Correct Answer: d

15.Research that is done to understand an event from the past is known as _____?

a. experimental research

b. replication

c. archival research

d. historical research

Correct Answer: d

16.In research, something that does not “vary” is called a ___________.

a. constant

b. variable

c. method

d. control group

Correct Answer: a

17.A telephone company is interested in obtaining customers’ reactions to a new service package. Which of the following primary research methods would be most effective in reaching this audience to obtain their feedback?

a. Mall intercept interviews

b. An Internet survey

c. All of Above

d. Telephone interviews

Correct Answer: d

18.Increasing the size of the sample is likely to:

a. Decrease both sampling error and non-sampling error

b. Increase both sampling error and non-sampling error

c. Decrease sampling error but increase non-sampling error

d. Increase sampling error but decrease non-sampling error

Correct Answer: c

19.An advantage of computer-assisted telephone interviewing is:

a. Data quality is enhanced

b. Questionnaires do not have to be coded

c. There is little opportunity for interviewer bias

d. Interviewing time is reduced

Correct Answer: d

20.A recent study of car owners indicated that 10% felt Brand A had the best quality, 9% felt Brand B did, and 6% felt other models did  The remainder had no opinion. The advertising claim that most car owners who gave an opinion believe that Brand A has the

a. Biased research, unethical

b. Effective advertising, ethical

c. Incomplete reporting, unethical

d. Misleading reporting, unethical

Correct Answer: d

21.Which of the following is the first step in starting the research process?

a. Searching sources of information to locate problem.

b. Survey of related literature

c. Searching for solutions to the problem

d. Identification of problem

Correct Answer: d

22.A reasoning where we start with certain particular statements and conclude with a universal statement is called

a. Deductive Reasoning

b. Abnormal Reasoning

c. Transcendental Reasoning

d. Inductive Reasoning

Correct Answer: d

23.Action research means

a. A research initiated to solve an immediate problem

b. A longitudinal research

c. An applied research

d. A research with socioeconomic objective

Correct Answer: a

24.Research is

a. archival research

b. Working in a scientific way to search for truth of any problem

c. Searching again and again

d. Finding solution to any problem

Correct Answer: b

25.A reasoning where we start with certain particular statements and conclude with a universal statement is called

a. Transcendental Reasoning

b. Inductive Reasoning

c. Deductive Reasoning

d. Abnormal Reasoning

Correct Answer: b

26.Which of the following variables cannot be expressed in quantitative terms?

a. Professional Attitude

b. Numerical Aptitude

c. Socio-economic Status

d. Marital Status

Correct Answer: b

27.n the process of conducting research ‘Formulation of Hypothesis” is followed by

a. Collection of Data

b. Selection of Research Tools

c. Statement of Objectives

d. Analysis of Data

Correct Answer: b

28.What is Bibliometry?

a. Library Service

b. Information Management Tool

c. Function of Library Network

d. Information Management Service

Correct Answer: b

29.Information is…..

a. Input data

b. Organized data

c. Raw Data

d. Processed Data

Correct Answer: b

30.An appropriate source to find out descriptive information is……………. .

a. Encyclopedia

b. Bibliography

c. Directory

d. Dictionary

Correct Answer: a

31.Questionnaire is a :

a. Data analysis technique

b. Tool for data collection

c. Research method

d. Measurement technique

Correct Answer: b

32.“Controlled Group” is a term used in………….. .

a. Experimental research

b. Survey research

c. Descriptive research

d. Historical research

Correct Answer: a

33.Which of the following is not a “Graphic representation” ?

a. Bar Chart

b. Table

c. Pie Chart

d. Histogram

Correct Answer: b

34.Which of the following is not covered under Intellectual Property Rights ?

a. Patents

b. Thesaurus

c. Copyrights

d. Trade Marks

Correct Answer: b

35.1. When each member of a population has an equally likely chance of being selected, this is called:

a. An Equal probability selection method

b. A nonrandom sampling method

c. A quota sample

d. A snowball sample

Correct Answer: a

36.Sampling in qualitative research is similar to which type of sampling in quantitative research?

a. Quota sampling

b. Purposive sampling

c. Simple random sampling

d. Systematic sampling

Correct Answer: b

37.The correlation between intelligence test scores and grades is:

a. They are not correlated

b. Positive

c. Negative

d. Perfect

Correct Answer: b

38.A good qualitative problem statement:

a. Conveys a sense of emerging design

b. Specifies a research hypothesis to be tested

c. Specifies the relationship between variables that the researcher expects to find

d. Defines the independent and dependent variables

Correct Answer: a

39.Hypotheses in qualitative research studies usually _____.

a. Are very specific and stated prior to beginning the study

b. Are often generated as the data are collected, interpreted, and analyzed

c. Are never used

d. Are always stated after the research study has been completed

Correct Answer: b

40.Sometimes a comprehensive review of the literature prior to data collection is not recommended by grounded theorists.



c. True

d. False

Correct Answer: c

41.Which of these is not a method of data collection.

a. Experiments

b. Questionnaires

c. Interviews

d. Observations

Correct Answer: a

42.Which of the following is not a major method of data collection?

a. Focus groups

b. Questionnaires

c. Correlational method

d. Secondary data

Correct Answer: a

43.The term used to describe suspending preconceptions and learned feelings about a phenomenon is called:

a. Ethnography

b. Bracketing

c. Axial coding

d. Design flexibility

Correct Answer: b

44.Which of the following involves the studying of multiple cases in one research study?

a. Single case study

b. Instrumental case study

c. Collective case study

d. Intrinsic case study

Correct Answer: c

45.You want to study a Native American group in New Mexico for a six month period to learn all you can about them so you can write a book about that particular tribe. You want the book to be accurate and authentic as well as informative and inspiring. What t

a. Ethnography

b. Phenomenology

c. Grounded theory

d. Collective case study

Correct Answer: a

46.The difference between ethnographic research and other types of qualitative research is that ethnographers specifically use  the concept of “culture” to help understand the results.


b. True

c. False


Correct Answer: b

47._________ is the study of human consciousness and individuals’ experience of some phenomenon.

a. Grounded theory

b. Case study research

c. Phenomenology

d. Ethnography

Correct Answer: c

48.Ethics is the set of principles and guidelines that help us to uphold the things we value.


b. True

c. False


Correct Answer: b

49.Ideally, the research participant’s identity is not known to the researcher. This is called:

a. Anonymity

b. Confidentiality

c. Deception

d. Desensitizing

Correct Answer: a

50.The act of publishing the same data and results in more than one journal or publication refers to which of the following professional issues:

a. Duplicate publication

b. Partial publication

c. Deception

d. Full publication

Correct Answer: a