Shells of earth and Rocks

1: Word paleontology derived from the word

A. Greek word                                    b. Latin word

C.  Egyptian word                                d. French

2.Structure of earth is old about________ years old.

A.4milion YA                                           b.4.6milion YA

C.4.9milion YA                                        d.5.5milion YA

3.First life occur on earth is;

A. Bacteria                                                   b. Protozoa

C. Fishes                                                        d. Mammals

4.________________covers the earth surface &stop UV radiation to come in earth.

A. Troposphere                                          b. Atmosphere

C. Hydrosphere                                           d. Ozone layer many types of earth?

A.2                                                                 b.3

C.4                                                                   d 5

6. Elements present in crust layer are _______________.

A. Sial                                                         b. Sima

C. Nife                                                        d. Both a & b

7.the thick blanket that covers the earth is called;

A. Atmosphere                                           b. Air

C. Hydrosphere                                           d.none

8.%age of oxygen gas in air is about

A.79%                                               b.20%

C. 0.03%                                                       d.0.9%

9.highest %age gas is

A. Nitrogen 79%                                                       b. Carbon di oxide0.03%

C. Oxygen   20%                                                              d. Noble gases0.9%

10.   How many layers are present in atmosphere?

A.5                                                                                       b.7

C.9                                                                                        d.11

11.    1st layer of Atmosphere is

A. Troposphere                                                          b. Lithosphere

C. Exosphere                                                                      d, mesosphere

12.  Ozone layer & UV radiations are present in the layer of;

A. Lithosphere                                                                   b. Exosphere                                                                     

  C. Mesosphere                                                              d. Stratosphere   

13.lithosphere begins at surface and extend to _________ at equator between weather variation.

A.9km to 17 km (30,000—56000ft)               B.51KM TO 70km(25000___4500ft)

C.80km to 85km(15000ft)                                             d.25km to 40km(35000ft)

14.the lowest part of troposphere is ___and T decrease with altitude.

A. Cold                                                                               b. Warm

C. Mediate                                                                        d. Frozen

15.stratosphere extend from the earth about___km.

A.45                                                                                b.51

C.57                                                                                 d.60

16. Temperature  of stratosphere is

A. 60                                                                               b._60

C.70                                                                                 d._70          

17. Water vapors is frozen ,forming ice cloud is formed in the layer of earth.

A. Stratosphere                                                             b. Thermosphere                                                                c. C. Mesosphere                                                         d. Hydrosphere

18. Temperature of the thermosphere layer rise to;

A.15ooc (2700 F)                                       B.1700C(2900F)

C.1900C(3000F)                                                 D. 2100C(3100F)

19. Oxygen travel an average of1km b/w collision with other molecules in the layer ______ of earth.

A. Hydrosphere                                                b. Thermosphere

C. Lithosphere                                                   d. Mesosphere

20.Exosphere is composed by;

A. H, He                                             b. H, Cl  

C. Hcl                                               d. H, N 

21.Temprature in mesosphere layer is ;

A.-80                                                                  b. -85

C.-90                                                                    d.-95 

22. Molecules travel 100 of km without colliding in _____

A. Lithosphere                                            b. Hydrosphere

C. Exosphere                                               d. Mesosphere

23. The global sum of all ecosystem is called;

A. Biosphere                                           b. Lithosphere

C. Hydrosphere                                          d. Atmosphere

24. Biosphere is also called;

A. Oceanic zone                                            b. Continental zone

C . Ozone of life on earth                             d .none

25. The rigid outermost layer of rocky planet is called;

A. Biosphere                                               b. Lithosphere

C. Hydrosphere                                           d. Atmosphere

26. Lithosphere is broken into;

A. Tectonic plates                               b. Pedosphere

C. Ice                                                            d. All of these

27. Soil forming process is called;

A. Ozone layer                                                b. Pedosphere

C. Both                                                               d. None

28. Combined mass of water found on, under &over surface of earth is called

A. Hydrosphere                                            b. Lithosphere

C. Thermosphere                                          d. Mesosphere

29. Total amount of hydrosphere is

A. 1.4 multiply 1010                                      b. 1.4 multiply with 1018

C. 1.4 multiply with 1015                              d. . 1.4 multiply with 1020

30. Ocean contain______ of earth surface.

A. 75%                                                b. 70%

C. 80%                                                                d.85%

31.average Salinity of earth surface is about

A.35grames                                                   b. 3.5 grams

C. 40 grams                                                    d.4.0 grams

32. Salt amount on earth surface;

A. 35%                                                          b.40%

C.3.5%                                                           d. 4.0%

33. Core is below the earth about________km.

A. 2200                                                        b.2500

C. 3000                                                           d.3500

34. Lower mantle is semi liquid and _______________is present here.

A. Lava                                                                b. Magma

C. Both A & B                                                     d. None

35. Frozen area on earth;

A. 97%                                                                     b.1%

C.2%                                                                      d. None

36. How many branches of geology?

A. 2                                                                        b.4

C.6                                                                          d.8 

37. Physical geology types;

A. Geophysics                                                   b. Geo chemistry    

C. Crystallography                                            d. All of these 

38.   In pateology we study the ________________ of earth.

A. Structure of organism                                             b.   Composition of earth

C. Both A & B                                                d. None of these

39. Historical geology have 3 statiography we study about; 

A. Rocks                                                        b.  Fossils

C. Events of dating rocks                          d. All of above

40. Branches of paleontology?

A. 4                                                                                b. 6

C. 8                                                                               d. 10     

 41 . study of fossils record is called

A.  Paleontology                               b. Geology

C. entomology                                     d. Histology

42.remains of living organisms that were present in the past and were incorporated into earth crust is called

A. Fossils                        b. Decomposeres

C.parasites                   d. Mineralization

43.geology is classified into…………branches

A.2      b.3         c.4      d.5

44.aggregates of minerals are called

A. Fossils                            b. Rocks                c.mineralization                      d. None of these many types of rocks

A.3       b.2        c.4        d.5

46.which type of rock are formed after the cooling of megma

A. Igneous rock            b. Sedimentary rock   

C.metamorphic rock   d. Both a and b

47.igneous rock is formed by the mixture of

A. Oxides     b. Silicates    c. Oxides and silicates     d. Nitrate

48.igneous rock is originate at about……….below earth surface

A.200km   b.300km     c.400km      d.500km many types of igneous rocks?

A.2     b.3     c.8      d.11

50.plutonic and volcanic rocks are the types of

A. Igneous rock        b. Sedimentary rock  

C.metamorphic rock       d. Chemical sedimentary rock

51.plutonic rock are formed when megma cool down

A. Under earth surface     b. Above earth surface

C.during bursting of earth    d. Reach to glaciers

52. When megma burst the earth due to increase in temperature and pressure rock are formed outside the earth are called

A. Igneous rock        b. Volcanic rock  

C.chemical rock       d. Organic rock

53.upon cooling igneous rock make a

A. Crystal     b. Liquid   c. Solid    d. Semisolid

54.granite is an example of

A. Igneous rock    b. Sedimentary rock

C.metamorphic rock     d. Organic rock

55.material brought by water or wind which deposit on the surface of earth or bottom of sea which type of rock are form

A. Chemical sedimentary rock

B. Organic sedimentary rock

C.sedimentary rock

D.clastic rock

56…….. Years require to make 1ft of rock

A.900    b.800    c.700    d.600 many types of sedimentary rocks

A.3      b.4       c.5      d.7

58.andesite is an example of 

A. Volcanic rock    b. Plutonic rock rock      d. Metamorphic rock

59. An example of sedimentary rock are

A. Andesite     b. Graphite 

C.basalt         d. Coal

60.process of compaction of loose material are called

A. Fossilization           b. Diagenesis    

C.mineralization      d. Carbonation

1.the destruction of already present igneous rocks and are formed at the surface of earth is

A. Clastic sedimentary rocks                              b. Chemical sedimentary rocks

B. Chemical sedimentary rocks                       c. Organic sedimentary rocks

C. Organic sedimentary rocks

D. Both a. & b

2.argillite is the example of

A. Organic sedimentary rocks

B. Sedimentary rocks

C. Chemical sedimentary rocks

D. None of the above

3. Sedimentary  rocks

A. Arkose

B. Chert

C. Dolomite

D. All of the above are are product of igneous and sedimentary rocks in the interior of the earth under pressure and heat

A. Chemical rocks

B. Metamorphic rocks

C. Organic rocks

D. Both a&b metamorphism results from

A. Intrusion of molten material in to sedimentary and igneous rocks

B intrusion of molten material into sedimentary rocks

C. Intrusion of molten material in to rocks

D. Intrusion of molten material into coal

6.limestone a

A. Organic rocks

B. Sedimentary rocks

C. Chemical rocks

D. Non of the above

7.mudstone a

A. Sedimentary rocks

B chemical rocks

C. Both a&b

C. Non

8._______ develops over large area and is associated with mountain building.

A. Contact metamorphism

B. Metamorphism

C. Regional metamorphism

D. Dislocation metamorphism

9.silistone a

A. Chemical sedimentary rocks

B. Organic sedimentry rocks

C. Clastic sedimentry rocks

D. All of the above

10.water born sediments are deposited in layers and are subjected to increased pressure to the metamorphosed.

A. Metamorphism

B. Geosyncline

C. Dislocation metamorphism

D. Contact metamorphism

11. Oolite

A. Clastic sedimentry rocks

B. Chemical sedimentry limestone

C. Organic sedimentry rocks

D. Non

12. Example of metamorphic

A. Anthracite

B. Marble

C. Skarn

D. All of the above

13.schist is an example of

A. Geosyncline

B. Metamorphic

C. Both a&b

C. Non

14.low grade metamorphic rocks formed from

A. Slate

B. Gossan

C. Marble

D. Gneiss

15.product of the weathering of a sulfide rock

A. Gossan

B. Phyllite

C slate

D. All of the above

16.chemical sedimentry rocks are formed

A. Shallow of water

B. Bottom of water bodies

C. Both a&b

D. Non

17.whicj rocks are formed when living organisms absorb minerals from their environment

A. Chemical sedimentry rocks

B. Clastic sedimentry rocks

C. Organic sedimentry rocks

D. Non

18.conglomerate a

A. Sedimentry rocks

B. Clastic sedimentry rocks

C. Organic rocks

D. Both a&b

19.which metamorphism results from more localized mechanical

Shearing and crushing of rocks

A. Dynamic metamorphism

B. Dislocation metamorphism

C. Both a&b

D. Non

20.sedimentry rock similar to sandstone

A. Arkose

B. Chalk

C. Claystone

D. Coal