A man who ruled science at the beginning of the20th century, who discovered new dimensions of subjects like Time, Space, and Gravity in human history. He won the most honorable award of the world. The Noble Prize for Physics.The name of the one who is considered the most intelligent person in human history is Albert Einstein.
Today we are going to know the story of his life and also don’t miss the 10 unheard facts about Einstein’s life (read till the end). Let’s deep dive into it:
Early Life and Family
Albert Einstein was born in Ulm, Germany on March 14, 1879.Einstein and his family werevery simple and middle-class Jews. His father’s name was Hermann Einstein, who was initially a featherbed sales representative and afterward ran an electrochemical production line and earns a moderate living. His mother,Pauline Koch, ran from the family. He had one sister, Maria. Maria was two years younger than Albert.
A Childhood: Full of Curiosity
Einstein was a too curious kid and asked too many questions. Sometimes, his teachers werealso irritated with his questions. Einstein was mainly influenced by two wonders that he experienced at a quite early age.
His primary experience was with a compass when he was five years old. He was beguiled that undetectable strengths might avoid the needle. This would lead to a long-lasting interest with undetectablepowers. The second influence had come when he was 12 years old. He found something interesting in his geometry book.
He also had speech difficulties;however, he acquired a liking for classical music and playing the violin, which he would carry into his senior years. Most notably, Einstein’s boyhood was defined by intense curiosity and inquiry.
Fascinated by Science, Philosophy, and the Concept of God
He was the kind of kid who was not only fascinated by Science and Physics but also found interest in the concept of God. He started worship of God and also chanted several religious songs at the age of 12.
When he was studying science, he also felt a deep contradiction in scientific facts and his religious beliefs. Another influential figure in Einstein’s life was MaxTalmud (later Max Talmey), a young medical student who frequented the Einstein family for supper. Talmud was the informal tutor of Einstein. He introduced Einstein to deeperphilosophy and mathematics.
When Einstein was 16 years old, another major turning point came into his life. This time he was influenced by children’s science book. Einstein was inspired to investigate the Nature of Light after Talmud gave him a children’s science books.
Due to his excellent performance in Mathematics and Physics, he got admission to the Swiss Federal Institute of Technology and he completed his graduation.
He still needed to finish his pre-university education first, so he went to Jost Winteler’s high school in Aarau, Switzerland. Einstein lived with the schoolmaster’s family and he was infatuated by the schoolmaster’s daughter, named MarieWinteler. With the turn of the century, Einstein deserted his German citizenship and became a Swiss citizen.
Clerk in Swiss Patent Office
After completing his graduation, he had faced many challenges. In 1902, through someone’s reference, Einstein got the job as a clerk in the Swiss Patent Office.That was the first time; Einstein was able to find stability.
Along with his job as a clerk, Einstein got the excellent opportunity to expand and polish all the concepts that he understood at the Swiss Federal Institute of Technology. At that time, he worked on his most popular theorem, Principal of Relativity.
In 1905, Einstein published four papers in the Annalen der Physik. Annalen der Physik was one of the most well-known physics magazines of the time. The Photoelectric Effect and Brownian motion were the twosubjects among those.
The other two, which outlined E=MC² and the special theory of relativity, were pivotal in Einstein’s career and the development of science.
His Married Life and Children
Einstein married MilevaMaric on 6 January1903. Maric was a Serbian physics student. Einstein and Maric were met while attending school in Zurich.
Einstein became closer to Maric, but his parents were adamantly opposed to the relationship because of her ethnicity.Despite this, Einstein madly fell in love with Maric. He continued to see her and wrote letters to her.
Einstein and Maric had blessed with three children. They had a daughter named Lieserl and two sons, HansAlbertEinstein and EduardEinstein.
Einstein and Maric’s love story and marriage would end with divorce in 1919. After that Maric had experienced an emotional breakdown as a result of the split.Throughout his second marriage, which ended with Löwenthal’s death in 1936, he continued to visit other women.
The Year of Glory: Noble Prize
1921 was the year when the world was about to see the power and miracle of being curious. In 1921, Einstein was honored with the highest award, the NobelPrize in Physics. He was awarded Noble Prize for his explanation of the Photoelectric Effect. He believed that his brain is his laboratory and his fountain pen is his tool.
In opposition to the fact that his theories on relativity were still controversial. Einstein described the concept of theCosmological Constant. That conceptclaimed that the cosmos was a static object. Later on, his general theory of relativity directly opposed his previous concept. And created a contradictory idea that the universe may be in a state of flux.
In 1931, during a conference at the Mount Wilson Observatory near Los Angeles, astronomer EdwinHubble deduced that we do indeed live in an ExpandingUniverse. It means this universe is constantly expanding beyondtime and space.
Incredible Inventions and Discoveries
As a physicist, Einstein made numerous discoveries, but his Theory of Relativity and the equation E=MC²is likely best recognized. Later, Einstein’s theories and inventions have helped in the creation of atomic power and the atomic bomb. Let’s know more about his discoveries:
The equation E=MC² was suggested by Einstein in1905. This equation is also known as Einstein’s Equation. This equation describes the Matter-Energy Relationship where E denotes Energy, M denotes Mass of the Body and C is the Speed of Light(3X10? m/sec).
This equation implied that little bits of matter might be turned into enormous amounts of energy. The whole of QuantumPhysics rests on this one formula.
Theory of Relativity
Relativity Theory is a theory that describes how the universe works.Albert Einstein’s explanation of how gravity influences the fabric of space-time is known as general relativity.
The hypothesis, published in 1915, improved on Einstein’s theory of special relativity, which he had published ten years before. The theory of special relativity described that the time and space are implacably linked and they are beyond gravity and gravitational force.
The Photoelectric Effect
Although, Einstein has discovered many theories. Yet, in 1921, he was honored by the supreme award, Noble Prize for his photoelectric effect.
In Photoelectric Effect, he explained that light has dual nature. Light acts like a wave and particle too.There is still a lot of research going on in his theory.
Einstein’s Theory and AtomicBomb
The United States attacked with two atomic bombs onHiroshima and Nagasaki (two cities of Japan) on August 6 and 9, 1945, respectively. Between 129,000 and 226,000 persons were murdered in the two attacks, the majority of whom were civilians.
Einstein has not invented the AtomicBomb but Einstein’s theories played an important role in making the atom bomb. Later, he was verysad that the formulas made by him could become a threat to the whole of humanity.
Quantum Physics and Time Travel
Einstein was immensely interested in his unified field theory, so he has started to work on it after Second World War. He had worked on the key features of thegeneral theory of relativity and also some mysterious aspects of the Universe such as black holes, time travel, andwormholes.
When he was fascinated to know more about the origin of the universe, at that time most of his colleagues were focusing on quantum theory. He didn’t have the desire to be in the spotlight. So he isolated himself from the group in the last ten years of his life and preferred to stay in Princeton.
When the light from a star traveling close to a black hole, then it would be stretched to longer wavelengths because of the gravitational force, as per Einstein’s general theory of relativity, which was proven by a team of scientists in 2018.
Death and Legacy
Einstein died at the University Medical Center in Princeton on April 18, 1955. When he died, he was76years old. Einstein had suffered an Abdominal Aortic Aneurysm. This disease is most common in smokers and old men as well.
When he was taken to the hospital for treatment, but he refused surgery. Einstein said that he had lived his life to the fullest and was pleased with his fate. Einstein denied the treatment in the hospital.
Einstein stated during the last moments of his life, “It is tasteless to prolong life artificially. I have done my share, it is time to go. I will do it elegantly.”
A Genius and MysteriousBrain
When Einstein had died, Doctor ThomasStoltzHarveywithdrew his brain without thepermission of his family.
Later on, the doctor was fired for this. He confessed and said that he wants to research Einstein’s brain and know why his brain could think extraordinary.
Even today, Einstein’s brain has been preserved at Princeton University Medical Centre. And the rest of his body was cremated, as per his wish.
In 1999, there was Canadian scientists who were researching on Einstein’s brain discovered that some part of his brain was 15% wider than that of average intelligence. Researchers also discovered that his brain had more cells than the others.The researchers believe it may help explain why Einstein was so intelligent.
10 Unheard Facts about Albert Einstein
Einstein’s life is an inspiration for us. He didn’t believe in God, luck, and all, he only believes that humans can achieve whatever they want only by working hard. Here are 10 unheard facts about his life:
- Einstein’s birthday which is on the 14th of March, recognize or celebrate as GeniusDay.
- Einstein said some words while breathing his last which were in the German language, unfortunately, the person who was with him at that time did not know the German language. So his last words had become the secret forever.
- Although Einstein was a genius, still his memory was weak, he often forgot names, dates, and phonenumbers.
- Everyone knows that the great Einstein is known across the world for his Special and General Theory of Relativity. But in 1921, he won the NoblePrize for Photoelectric Effect not for thetheory of relativity.
- He was considered a dumb child in schools, but that dumb child became a genius man in the future.
- When he was born his head was bigger than other normal babies then the doctors declared him mentally handicapped.
- In 1999, the most popular Times magazine declared Albert Einstein as Person of the Century of the 20th century.
- In 1952, Einstein got the offer to be the President of Israel but he refused and said that he hasn’t made for Politics, he made for Science.
- Einstein took FiveDollars for giving autographs and One ThousandDollars for delivering thespeech as his fees. And later, he gave all the money to charity.
- Due toNazi activities, he had toleave Germany. So he was moved to America. Several universities in Americaoffered him to join as Professor. But due to the peaceful environment, he chose Princeton University.
- GalileoGalilei was Einstein’s role model. He was an Italian scientist and astronomer.
Einstein lived his whole life for science and as long as there is talk of science, Einstein’s name will be on the first page. Science has immortalized him.
For hundreds of years, he will not only be an inspiration to the scientists and astronauts of the world, but also he will be a source of inspiration for a knowledge seeker.