PHONETIC AND PHONOLOGY MCQs

1.Please circle the correct option.

a. The properties of the sound waves of human speech

b. The production of sounds in human languages

c. The generation of speech sounds by computer

d. The perception of sounds of human languages

2.The idea of universal grammar was given by

a. William Labov

b. George Yule

c. David Crystal

d. Noam Chomsky

3.Articulatory phonetics is the study of

a. physical properties of speech 3) Phonemes

b. Speech organs

c. both a&b

d. physical production of speech sounds

4.The initial sound in ‘Pakistan’ is

a. interdental

b. bilabial

c. alveolar

d. plosive

5./kju/ is a phonemic transcription of

a. quay

b. queue

c. you

d. knew

6./tʌŋ / is a phonemic transcription of

a. toy

b. ton

c. tongue

d. tone

7.Which of the following is the most common syllable shape in the world’s languages:

a. vcc

b. CV

c. ccv

d. c

8.To make a nasal phone, which of the following do you do:

a. Lower the velum

b. Make a blockage in the nasal cavity

c. Raise the velum

d. Make a pharyngeal closure

9.Which of the two main types of phones involve the unimpeded flow of air throughthe oral cavity?

a. Plosives

b. Fricatives

c. Vowels

d. Consonants

10.Phonetic symbol ‘[j]’ sound is a

a. Nasal

b. liquid

c. glide

d. stop

11.Phonetic symbol ‘[z]’ sound is a

a. nasal

b. glide

c. ricative

d. affricate

12.The word “Divide” has the feet

a. tetra

b. Iambic

c. Trochaic

d. penta

13.Choose the correct transcription for ‘pluck’

a. /’plʌk/

b. /’plack/

c. /’plæck/

d.

14.Choose the correct transcription for ‘stream’

a. /’striːm/

b. /’strɪm/

c. /’strim/

d.

15.The study of human speech sounds in a language that form systematized patterns is called…

a. Phonology

b. Phonetics

c. Articulators

d. Phonetics and phonology

16.Choose the best description for the first sound in the American pronunciation of the word ‘teeth.’

a. velar

b. labiodental

c. alveolarpalatal

d. alveolar

17.Choose the correct transcription for ‘went’

a. /’wənt/

b. /’went/

c. /’wɜːnt/

d.

18.Choose the correct transcription for ‘mood’

a. /’muːd/

b. 1)/’mud/

c. /’mʊd/

d.

19.What does the sign / / represent?

a. Voiced bilabial

b. Nasal

c. Phonetic transcription

d. Centralization

20.What is the full form of IPA?

a. International Phonetic Agreement

b. Indian Phonetic Agreement

c. International Phonetic Alphabet

d. Indian Phonetic Alphabet

21.What does the sign / / -represent?

a. Alphabetic Transcription

b. Phonetic Transcription

c. Bilabial plosive

d. fall rise pitch

22.What does the phonetic symbol ‘d’ represent?

a. Voiced dental fricative

b. Voiceless bilabial plosive

c. Voiced bilabial plosive

d. Voiced alveolar plosive

23.Which of these refer to the sound features of a language?

a. Phones

b. Morphemes

c. phonetic sounds

d. Allophones

24.Articulatory Phonetics is the study of physical properties of speech sounds?

a. FALSE

b. TRUE

c. both

d.

25.Fricatives are_____where as plosives aren’t______

a. hissing

b. musical

c. vistle

d. none of these

26.Affricates  are begin  as_____& end as_________.

a. fortis,nasal

b. fricative, plosive

c. plosive,fricatives

d. nasal,fortis

27.Which of the following is an affricate?

a. /m/

b. /b/

c. /tf/

d. /k/

28.Plosives are also called______

a. nasal

b. Fricatives

c. stops

d. dental

29.Homorganics are_______

a. sound produced with same organ

b. sound with same length

c. vowel sounds

d. all of these

30.Sounds like ‘sh’ & /3/ produced with_____

a. both lips

b. tongue blade

c. alveolar ridge

d. front teeth

31.We only count____&___as Affricate phonemes

a. /tf/, /dz/

b. /tr/, /fv/

c. /ts/, /j/

d. none of these

32.Pronunciation  of  word Church is composed of___phonemes

a. 8

b. 5

c. 3

d. 2

33.____fricatives are articulated with more force than that of_____

a. fortis, voiceless

b. lenis, voiced

c. Fortis, lenis

d. lenis, fortis

34.Lenis fricatives have voicing in initial & final when they occur between

a. voiced

b. voiceless

c. both

d. none of these

35.In English,  replacing  one phoneme with  another  causes

a. meaning half change

b. meaning enhance

c. pronunciation change

d. no change

36.When we produce /tf/ & /dz/ affricates our lips are______

a. rounded

b. closed

c. come togather

d. all of these

37.Fortis sounds are usually  articulated  with __________ glottis.

a. open

b. open and closed

c. open and rounded

d. none of these

38.The word ‘nature’  can phonetically  trancribed with glottalisation.

a. /neI?tfa/

b. /naet/

c. /naeltfa/

d. all of these

39.The plosive, Fricatives and Affricatices combinely give us how many consonants

a. ten

b. seventeen

c. nineteen

d. fifteen

40.The number of nasal consonants in English

a. six

b. three

c. four

d. five

41.‘How sounds are produced’ is comes under umbrella of

a. manner of articulation

b. place of articulation

c. both

d. None of these

42.When nasal sounds produced _________ is completely closed.

a. glottis

b. nasal cavity

c. oral cavity

d. all of these

43._______ is hardly produced when liquids are made.

a. glide

b. hissing

c. Friction

d. cavity

44.__________ sounds are produced when tongue is curled back.

a. stops

b. retroflex

c. nasal

d. lateral

45.____________ are considered as phonological building blocks of words.

a. syllable

b. morpheme

c. phoneme

d. all of these

46.The word that contain many syllables are said to be a _________.

a. tri-syllable

b. mono-syllable

c. di-syllable

d. poly-syllable

47.Semi-vowels are also called _________.

a. vowels

b. semi-consonants

c. approximant

d. consonants

48.Fortis production needs __________ force than that of lenis.

a. more

b. less

c. some

d. None of these

49.The study of the possible phoneme combinations of a language is called _________.

a. phone

b. phonotactics

c. morpheme

d. phoneme

50.No word begins with more than ___________ consonants.

a. two

b. four

c. three

d. six

Answer Keys:

1b21d41a
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